Mucocele: O que é e como tratar?

O que é mucocele?

É um acúmulo de muco (saliva) que gera uma tumefação tissular após escapar de um conduto salivar rompido.

 

  • Mesmo após esse rompimento a glândula salivar continua a secretar saliva que acaba distendendo o tecido conjuntivo.
  • As glândulas salivares menores do lábio inferior são as mais propensas a se romperem principlamente por mordidas acidentais nessa região.
  • Existem lesões neoplasicas que clinicamente se assemelham com a mucocele como o carcinoma mucoepidermóide. Por isso é fundamental que a lesão seja submetida a um exame histopatológico.
  • Acometem principalmente crianças e adultos jovens. Quase dois terços das mucoceles aparecem nas três primeiras décadas de vida afetando igualmente homens e mulheres.

Tratamento:

O tratamento da mucocele é relativamente simples. A mucocele deve ser removida cirurgicamente. Para minimizar o risco de recidiva deve-se remover toda a glândula desde a base do leito cirurgico.


Referências:

  • NEVILLE , B.W. et al. Patologia Oral & Maxilofacial. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan S.A., 1998.


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